Exactly How Do Electric Vehicles Work?

There’s no question that electric vehicles are beneficial for our environment. Gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles cause 75 percent of carbon monoxide pollution in the U.S. In contrast, electric vehicles generate a grand total of 0% vehicle pollution at the consumer level. And that’s not the only advantage to owning an electric vehicle.

High Performance

Electric vehicles are able to reach high speeds in a matter of seconds, thanks to their near-instant acceleration capabilities. The Telsa Model S, for example, is the second-fastest production vehicle on the market, able to go from 0 to 60 in less than 3 seconds.

Smooth and Quiet

Electric vehicles don’t have an internal combustion engine. Even at 60 miles per hour, the loudest noise in an electric vehicle comes from its clock.

Reduced Maintenance and Driving Costs

Due to the simple design of these types of cars, there’s no need to deal with the hassles that come with regular vehicles. Your mechanical issues from gas and diesel cars will become a thing of the past.

How It Works

Most electric cars convert direct current electricity into alternating current electricity. This means that instead of the electricity flowing in one direction, it’s able to change up its voltage.

The Battery

The type of battery that you find in an electric vehicle is different from an ICE (internal combustion engine) vehicle’s battery. This battery is responsible not only for powering the electric motor, but everything in the car.

The lithium-ion batteries in an electric car are lightweight, efficient, and low maintenance compared to most batteries. Depending on the climate and maintenance schedule you conduct on your vehicle, these batteries last anywhere from 8 to 12 years.

If the battery runs out of energy, simply charge it at home (like you would for a phone or laptop) or at a local charging station.

And finally, without the battery system designed to let electric vehicles run, these cars wouldn’t be good enough for innovative perks like regenerative breaking.

You can learn more about the design of the battery, and more details on how electric vehicles work, by taking a look at this animation from The Zebra.

How an Electric Car Works

Source: https://www.thezebra.com/how-electric-car-works/#animation

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